On This Day in Black History: October 20
Fugitive slave George Latimer was recaptured in Boston.
Amnesty was granted to escaped slaves in Suriname.
Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, was born.
Race riots sparked by Booker T. Washington's visit to the White House killed 34.
King Leopold II sold Congo to the Belgian government amid rising international protests against the brutalization of the Congolese people.
The first Negro World Series was played between the Kansas City Monarchs (Negro National League Champions) and the Hilldale Club (Eastern Colored League Champions).
Black intellectuals meeting at North Carolina College drafted the "Durham Manifesto" for civil rights, calling for fundamental changes in race relations.
In the college football game between Oklahoma A&M (now Oklahoma State) and Drake University, Drake's running back Johnny Bright was subjected to a brutal, unsportsmanlike act of racism. He was knocked unconscious three times in the first seven minutes, with the final blow breaking his jaw and putting him out of the game. Fortunately, photographers captured images of the game and a sequential set of images from an early play showed Bright taking a malicious forearm—well after the ball had been handed off to another player.
The Mau Mau uprising against British rule in Kenya began.
Jomo Kenyatta and five other Mau Mau leaders were refused an appeal of their prison terms in British East Africa (now Kenya).
Seven men were convicted on federal conspiracy charges in the case of the murders of three civil rights workers (James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner) and given sentences of three to ten years, but none served more than six.
The Senate convicted U.S. District Judge Alcee L. Hastings of perjury and conspiracy and removed him from office.
U.S. District Judge Alcee L. Hastings was convicted by the United States Senate and removed from office for corruption and perjury. The conviction was overturned and, in 1992, Hastings was elected to the same House of Representatives that had impeached him.
Liberian warlord Prince Johnson surrendered to ECOMOG (Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group) forces in Monrovia and was exiled to Nigeria.
Officials at the United States Air Force Officers Training School incorporated the history of the Tuskegee Airmen into the classroom curriculum.

Today's Featured Page
The Buffalo Soldiers
The story of the Buffalo Soldiers—their unsurpassed courage and patriotism—will live forever in the annals of the history of the United States. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Candace of Meroe
Unlike the queens of Egypt who derived power from their husbands, the Queens of Kush were independent rulers, to the extent that it was often thought that Meroe never had a king. Four of these queens—Amanerinas, Amanishakhete, Nawidemak and Maleqereabar—became distinctively known as Candaces, a corruption of the word Kentake. More...

Curt Flood
Curt Flood was the star center fielder of the St. Louis Cardinals who challenged baseball's reserve system all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. More...

Dr. Mae Jemison
Dr. Mae Jemison became the first African-American woman astronaut to participate in a NASA shuttle mission. More...

Cowrie Shells
Cowrie shells were the most popular currency within Africa. Pictures of cowrie shells adorned cave walls. The Egyptians considered them to be magical agents and also used them as currency in foreign exchange transactions. Archaeologists have excavated millions of them in the tombs of the Pharaohs. More...

The Dogon of Mali
For centuries, the Dogon of Mali have had an excellent understanding of the solar system, particularly the Sirius star system. More...

The Fall of Benin
On February 17, 1897, Benin City fell to the British. On that fateful day in history, the city of Benin lost its independence, its sovereignty, its Oba (king), its control of trade, and its pride. More...

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