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On This Day in Black History: November 21
1654
Richard Johnson, a free black man, was granted 100 acres in Northampton County, Virginia for importing two persons on the basis of the headrights system.
1904
Coleman Hawkins, the jazz legend regarded as "the father of the tenor saxophone," was born.
1949
Libya was granted independence by the United Nations.
1949
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution granting Libya its independence no later than January 1, 1952.
1975
The Church Committee issued a report charging U.S. sanctioned assassinations of foreign governrnment leaders, including Fidel Castro and Patrice Lumumba.
1984
An anti-apartheid protest at the South African Embassy in Washington, D.C. led to the arrests of Randall Robinson of Trans Africa; Walter E. Fauntroy, D.C. Congressional delegate; and Mary Frances Berry, U.S. Civil Rights Commissioner.
1990
After two years of debates, vetoes, and threatened vetoes, President George H.W. Bush reversed himself and signed the Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening existing civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.

Today's Featured Page
Cetshwayo
In 1873, Cetshwayo succeeded his father Mpande and the Zulu nation resurfaced as a powerful force in Southern Africa. Like his predecessors, he wanted to avoid conflict with the white settlers but he was obstructing the imperial endeavour. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Dr. Meredith C. Gourdine
Born in 1929 in Newark, New Jersey, Meredith Gourdine was a physicist, pioneer researcher and inventor in the field of electrogasdynamics, a process dealing with the action of charged particles moving through a gas stream. More...

Philip Emeagwali
Philip Emeagwali, a Nigerian presently living in the US, won the International Gordon Bell Prize in computer science. More...

Dr. Percy Julian
Born in 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. Percy Julian's research yielded more than 100 patents. He created derivative drugs to treat glaucoma and arthritis at a reasonable cost. His research on the soybean led to discoveries in the manufacture of drugs, hormones, vitamins, paint and paper. More...

The Rastafarian Movement
The Rastafarian Movement takes its name from Ras Tafari, later crowned as Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia in 1930. Rastafarian philosophy stresses anti-colonialism and an affirmation of African social and cultural history. It offers both historical and political alternatives and its focus is on Africa. More...

Samori Ture
Born about 1830 in Sanankaro, a village southeast of Kankan in present-day Guinea, Samori Ture chose the path of confrontation, using warfare and diplomacy, to deal with the French colonial incursion into West Africa and established himself as the leading African opponent of European imperialism. More...

The Scramble for Africa
The Scramble for Africa was powered not so much by conditions in Africa, but by the economic, social and political conditions in Europe during the second half of the nineteenth century. In economic terms, it was "not so much as an overproduction of ... goods in Europe as an undersupply of raw materials". More...


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