On This Day in Black History: July 5
The French occupied the North African city of Algiers.
Frederick Douglass delivered his "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?" speech at Corinthian Hall in Rochester, New York.
Germany established the colony of Kamerun (today's Cameroon) in West Africa.
Andrew Beard was issued patent #478,271 for his rotary engine.
The No. 2 Construction Battalion, the first and only all-black battalion in Canadian military history, was authorized.
Algeria gained independence after 132 years of French rule.
President Lyndon Johnson criticized "Black Power" and Roy Wilkins labelled it "a reverse Mississippi, a reverse Hitler, a reverse Ku Klux Klan."
Kenyan Minister of Economic Affairs Tom Mboya was assassinated.
President Grégoire Kayibanda was ousted in a military coup led by Juvenal Habyarimana in Rwanda.
Cape Verde gained independence from Portugal.
Arthur Ashe became the first African-American man to win the Wimbledon singles championship.
In Ghana, head of state General Ignatius Acheampong was overthrown by his second in command Lieutenant General Fred Akuffo and other members of the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC).
South African President P.W. Botha eventually met African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela.
Algeria enacted a law making Arabic the country's sole official language. At the same time, the Berber minority's languages were suppressed. The Berbers have since unified several related Berber languages into one standard, Tamazight, and the government recognizes it as a national, but not official language.
The United Nations Security Council imposed an 18-month ban on diamond exports from Sierra Leone, recognizing that diamonds had been financing the civil war.
The United States absolved the Tanzanian government of its remaining debt of $21.3 million.

Today's Featured Page
The Dogon of Mali
For centuries, the Dogon of Mali have had an excellent understanding of the solar system, particularly the Sirius star system. More...

Previously Featured Pages
In 1873, Cetshwayo succeeded his father Mpande and the Zulu nation resurfaced as a powerful force in Southern Africa. Like his predecessors, he wanted to avoid conflict with the white settlers but he was obstructing the imperial endeavour. More...

Curt Flood
Curt Flood was the star center fielder of the St. Louis Cardinals who challenged baseball's reserve system all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. More...

Patrice Lumumba
Patrice Lumumba was born in Katako-Kombe in the Kasai Province of the Belgian Congo in 1925. In October 1958, he formed the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC), which was the only major party that had a truly national base. A nationalist and Pan-Africanist, he mobilized the Congolese people to press for independence. More...

Bessie Coleman
Bessie Coleman became the first black woman ever to fly an airplane and the first African American to earn an international pilot's license. More...

Caught between dissident factions within his military and Europeans searching for gold, Lobengula thwarted the internal dissent by signing a number of treaties with the Europeans without jeopardizing his sovereignty. More...

Dr. George Carruthers
Dr. Carruthers is an astrophysicist of international renown. He was the principal inventor of the first moon-based observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph—a combination spectograph and camera, with an electron intensifier—used for the Apollo 16 mission to the moon in 1972. More...

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