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On This Day in Black History: April 1
1833
Prudence Crandall opened a school for African-American girls in Connecticut.
1867
Blacks voted in municipal elections in Tuscumbia, Alabama. Military officials invalidated the election pending clarification of election procedures.
1868
The Hampton Institute opened.
1905
The British East Africa Protectorate became the colony of Kenya.
1917
Scott Joplin, the "King of ragtime music,", died in New York City.
1924
The British government took over Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) from the British South Africa Company.
1929
Atlanta University allied with Morehouse and Spelman colleges to create the Atlanta University system, where Morehouse and Spelman focused on undergraduate studies and Atlanta University served as the graduate school.
1930
Zawditu, the first reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, died.
1950
Charles R. Drew, surgeon and developer of the blood bank concept, died after an automobile accident near Burlington, North Carolina.
1951
Pioneer filmmaker Oscar Micheaux died in Charlotte, North Carolina.
1966
The first World Festival of Negro Arts opened in Dakar, Senegal. Over 2,000 writers, artists and performers from Africa and the African diaspora came together for this historic event.
2003
A 12-day rampage by Ijaw extremists decreased Nigeria's normal oil output of 2 million barrels a day by 40 percent. At this time, world prices were already relatively high due to fears over the war in Iraq. Nigeria is the fifth-biggest supplier of U.S. oil imports.

Today's Featured Page
Dr. Charles Drew
In 1940, Charles Drew earned his Doctor of Medical Science Degree, and his dissertation was on the concept of "banked blood"—storing blood as plasma to increase storage life. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Sunni Ali Ber
It was not until Sunni Ali Ber, a member of the Sunni dynasty, ascended to the throne in 1464, that the rulers of Gao looked beyond the confines of the Niger valley. In 28 years he turned the kingdom of Gao into the Songhai empire. More...

Sundiata
Sundiata was the son of Nare Fa Maghan, king of the Mandingo, and Sogolon Conde. The union of Maghan and Sogolon was based on the prophecy that Sogolon would give Maghan a son who would be Mali's greatest king. More...

Andrew Beard
On November 23, 1897 Andrew Beard obtained a patent for his railroad car coupler—the "Jenny Coupler." The device, improved in 1899, was the precursor of today's linking mechanism. More...

The Shona
The ruins of Great Zimbabwe still stand near the modern town of Masvingo in present-day Zimbabwe. They are three hundred feet long and two hundred feet wide. The walls are thirty feet high and, in many cases, twenty feet thick. They are the symbol of important political and economic developments among the Shona-speaking peoples in the twelfth century. More...

Shaka
At age 23, Shaka was conscripted into the Izi-cwe regiment of the army of Dingiswayo, the Mtetwa king. It was during this period that he developed the fighting techniques that made his warriors terrorize southeastern Africa. More...

Augusta Savage
Born Augusta Fells in 1892 in Green Cove Springs, Florida, Augusta Savage was one of the luminaries of the Harlem Renaissance. More...


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