On This Day in Black History: June 28
The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.
Anthony Benezet and fellow Quakers established a coeducational "Negro school" that offered instruction in reading, writing, arithmetic and Christian doctrine to slaves and free blacks of all ages.
Black Seminole leader Abraham, a soldier and politician, was born.
The Anglo-Spanish agreement on the slave trade was renewed and reinforced with tighter restrictions.
Sengbe Pieh, a Mende of Sierra Leone, later renamed Joseph Cinque, was kidnapped and unlawfully transported to Cuba.
The U.S. Congress finally repealed the 1793 and 1850 Fugitive Slave Acts.
Emanuel Stance of F Troop, Ninth Cavalry became the first Buffalo Soldier to win the Congressional Medal of Honor.
The Freedmen's Savings Bank and Trust Company closed. African-Americans deposited about $3 million in the bank and its closure devastated the black community. Confidence in black-operated institutions was severely damaged as investors blamed their losses on the visible black employees rather than white management. Frederick Douglass later commented that the bank had been "the black man's cow and the white man's milk."
Samuel J. Battle became the first black police officer in New York City, New York.
Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro-American Unity in New York.
The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously overturned Muhammad Ali's conviction for draft evasion, ruling that his refusal to fight in Vietnam was based on religious principles.
The Black Sports Hall of Fame was founded. Paul Robeson, Elgin Baylor, Jesse Owens, Jim Brown, Wilma Rudolph, Joe Louis and Althea Gibson were elected.
the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the University of California, Davis Medical School admit Allan Bakke, a white applicant, who claimed reverse discrimination as he was twice rejected, while minority candidates with significantly lower test scores were accepted.
Nelson Mandela established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa to look into human rights abuses perpetrated under apartheid.
Queen Modjadji V, the last of a line of rain queens of the Balobedu and the only woman who was a tribal ruler in modern-day southern Africa, died. Modern technology and politics seemed to have diluted some of the rain queen's powers, including the ability to control the clouds and rainfall.

Today's Featured Page
Jackie Robinson
Graduating from UCLA, Jackie Robinson began to play baseball with the Kansas City Monarchs. When Branch Rickey decided to pioneer in hiring Black baseball players, he hired Robinson on October 23, 1945. More...

Previously Featured Pages
The Tuskegee Airmen
Myth: Black men can't fly planes. General H.H. Arnold unequivocally stated that "no Blacks would ever pilot a plane in the upcoming war [World War II.]" The myth was debunked with the help of the US Congress. More...

Fannie Lou Hamer
Refusing to yield to the position designated to her by society, Fannie Lou Hamer eventually became the embodiment of the changes incited by the civil rights movement of the 1960s. More...

Dr. Carter G. Woodson
In 1926, Dr. Carter G. Woodson inaugurated Negro History Week. More...

Sissieretta Jones
James Weldon Johnson observed that Sissieretta Jones possessed "the natural voice, the physical figure, the grand air and the engaging personality," characteristic of a great singer." More...

Augusta Savage
Born Augusta Fells in 1892 in Green Cove Springs, Florida, Augusta Savage was one of the luminaries of the Harlem Renaissance. More...

Octavia E. Butler
Born in 1947 in Pasadena, California, Octavia E. Butler is the first published African-American female science fiction writer. She is widely recognized and critically acclaimed, while introducing the African-American and feminist perspective into the genre. More...

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