On This Day in Black History: April 18
1818
Andrew Jackson defeated a force of Indians and African-Americans at the Battle of Suwanee, ending the First Seminole War.
1848
Seventy-six slaves were captured aboard a schooner, The Pearl, while attempting to escape and secure their freedom by sailing from Washington, D.C. to Philadelphia.
1877
Six blacks and a white land developer established the Nicodemus Town Company. In November, the town was settled.
1887
The Harlem Hospital was opened in New York City. It was moved to its present site in 1907.
1917
Mamie Phipps-Clark was born. Her research with her husband, Kenneth Clark, lay the groundwork for the success of the landmark Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case.
1922
Jack Johnson, the first black world heavyweight champion, patented improvements to the wrench (patent no. 1,413,121).
1941
Bus companies in New York City agreed to hire black drivers and mechanics following a four-week boycott.
1946
Jackie Robinson debuted with the Montreal Royals.
1955
The Bandung Conference, a meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, opened in Indonesia.
1966
Bill Russell was named head coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team, becoming the first African-American to coach a predominantly white team in professional athletics.
1976
Percy Julian, who synthesized physostigmine for treatment of glaucoma and cortisone for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, died at the age of 76.
1977
Alex Haley was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Roots.
1980
Zimbabwe gained independence from Britain.
1982
The capital of Zimbabwe was renamed Harare. Salisbury was the name of the capital when the country was known as Rhodesia.
1983
The Pulitzer Prize was awarded to Alice Walker for The Color Purple.
1990
In a parliamentary speech, President F.W. de Klerk ruled out any possibility of black majority rule in South Africa.

Today's Featured Page
Jackie Robinson
Graduating from UCLA, Jackie Robinson began to play baseball with the Kansas City Monarchs. When Branch Rickey decided to pioneer in hiring Black baseball players, he hired Robinson on October 23, 1945. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Lewis Latimer
Lewis Latimer has brought light to millions around the world, yet he remains in the shadows. Although his collaboration with Edison and his genius as a pioneer in the electric lighting industry are well documented, they are not widely acknowledged. More...

Lobengula
Caught between dissident factions within his military and Europeans searching for gold, Lobengula thwarted the internal dissent by signing a number of treaties with the Europeans without jeopardizing his sovereignty. More...

Ernest Everett Just
Ernest E. Just was a "scientist's scientist". Dr. Charles Drew, a pioneer in blood plasma research himself, described Dr. Just as "a biologist of unusual skill and the greatest of our original thinkers in the field". More...

Amy Jacques Garvey
Amy Jacques Garvey, wife of Marcus Garvey, did not derive her legitimacy from the status of her husband. She was a leading Pan-Africanist and Black Nationalist in her own right. More...

Althea Gibson
Surmounting the obstacles of poverty and racism, Althea Gibson reached the pinnacle of her sport against the odds, becoming the first African American woman to win a major tennis tournament. More...

The Emancipation Act
On August 1, 1834, the Emancipation Act came into force, after fifty years of bitter debate in Britain over the morality and profitability of slavery. It did not abolish servitude, but it was the first significant promise of freedom. More...