On This Day in Black History: August 1
Robert Carter III, a wealthy plantation owner, freed all 500 of his slaves.
The Emancipation Act was passed. Slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire.
Slavery ended in the Bahamas.
Blacks voted for the first time in a state election in the South, enabling a Republican sweep in Tennessee.
Benjamin E. Mays, educator, "spiritual mentor" and mentor of Martin Luther King, Jr., was born.
Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) launched its first International Convention of the Negro Peoples of the World in Liberty Hall in Harlem.
Actor, dancer and choreographer Geoffrey Holder was born.
Benjamin E. Mays was named president of Morehouse College.
Race riots occurred in Harlem.
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. was elected as a Democrat to the House of Representatives. He was the first black congressman from New York.
The New York State Commission Against Discrimination was established.
Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) joined the newly created Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
The state of Georgia ordered black school teachers to resign from the NAACP or lose their teaching licenses.
Dahomey (now Benin) gained independence from France.
Arthur Ashe became the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
In Nigeria, Lieutenant-Colonel Yakubu Gowon became head of the Federal Military Government and supreme commander of the armed forces after an army coup.
Trinidad and Tobago became a republic, remaining within the Commonwealth.
Hank Aaron was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, receiving votes on 97.8 percent of the ballots.
A coup attempt by black Muslim rebels in Trinidad and Tobago ended with their surrender and the release of their hostages.
A UN report cited Tutsi informants claiming that they helped to shoot down the airplane carrying Rwandan president Juvanal Habyarimana on April 6, 1994. The report was made public in 2000.
Rioters went on a rampage in Khartoum, Sudan's capital, following news of the death of former southern rebel leader and vice president John Garang. Thirty-six people were killed and the rioters took to the streets again the next day.
Today's Featured Page
The Emancipation Act
On August 1, 1834, the Emancipation Act came into force, after fifty years of bitter debate in Britain over the morality and profitability of slavery. It did not abolish servitude, but it was the first significant promise of freedom. More...
Previously Featured Pages
Dr. Lloyd Quarterman
Dr. Lloyd Quarterman was one of the African American nuclear scientists involved in the production of the atomic bomb. He worked with two of the most illustrious scientific minds of the twentieth century—Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi. More...
Thulamela, an archaeological site in the northernmost reaches of Kruger National Park, South Africa, was opened to the public on National Heritage Day (September 24) 1996. Although a number of sites have been excavated south of the Limpopo River, Thulamela is the first to be thoroughly explored in the post-apartheid era. More...
In 1875, Khama III became king of the Bamangwato when he expelled his father and brother, Sekgoma and Kgamane. Known as Khama the Good, he was a Christian convert and proved to be more pious than the missionaries. More...
Dr. Percy Julian
Born in 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. Percy Julian's research yielded more than 100 patents. He created derivative drugs to treat glaucoma and arthritis at a reasonable cost. His research on the soybean led to discoveries in the manufacture of drugs, hormones, vitamins, paint and paper. More...
"Queen Mother" Moore
Queen Mother Moore was born Audley Moore in New Iberia, Louisiana, and acquired the appellation Queen Mother on her first trip to Ghana, where she attended the funeral of Kwame Nkrumah in 1972. She was in the forefront of the struggle for 77 years. More...
Kente is not simply a cloth. Culturally, it visually depicts the historical, political, social and aesthetic tenets of Asante society. More...
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