On This Day in Black History: July 25
Lydia M. Child publishes "An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans", which is believed to be the first American book to denounce slavery.
The Crittenden Resolution was passed, whereby the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate affirmed that the Civil War was being fought to preserve the Union and not to interfere with slavery.
Garrett Morgan used a gas mask he had invented to rescue several men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel beneath Lake Erie.
Emmett Till was born. Till met an untimely death at age 14, when he was lynched in Mississippi for allegedly whistling at a white woman.
The destroyer escort USS Harmon (DE-678), the first warship to be named after an African-American, Leonard Roy Harmon, was launched.
Two young black couples—Roger and Dorothy Malcolm, and George and Mae Murray Dorsey—were shot hundreds of times by a lynch mob in broad daylight at the Moore's Ford bridge spanning the Apalachee River, 60 miles east of Atlanta, Georgia. No one was ever prosecuted for these killings, which came to be known as the Monroe Massacre.
Habib Bourguiba ousted the Pasha Bey, proclaimed Tunis a republic and declared himself president of Tunisia.
Martin Luther King, Jr., joined protests against housing segregation in Chicago.
The U.S. Public Health Service admitted that 399 black men were used as unwitting guinea pigs in the 40-year-old Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment.
Amy Jacques Garvey, journalist, pan-Africanist and second wife of Marcus Garvey, died.
Earl Graves of Black Enterprise magazine and Magic Johnson signed a $60 million agreement to buy the Washington, D.C. Pepsi-Cola franchise.
General Colin Powell, originator of the idea for the monument, dedicated the Buffalo Soldiers Monument at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sylvestre Ntibantunganya, president of Burundi, was deposed in a military coup.

Today's Featured Page
Amy Jacques Garvey
Amy Jacques Garvey, wife of Marcus Garvey, did not derive her legitimacy from the status of her husband. She was a leading Pan-Africanist and Black Nationalist in her own right. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Dr. Keith Black
Born in 1957 in Tuskegee, Alabama, Dr. Keith Black is a world-renowned neurosurgeon and scientist. More...

King Jaja of Opobo
Strategically located between Bonny and the production areas of the hinterland, King Jaja controlled trade and politics in the Niger Delta. More...

Queen Tiye
Born in Nubia, Queen Tiye was the Great Royal Wife of Amenhotep III, mother of Amenhotep IV (later known as Akenhaton), and mother-in-law of Nefertiti. Highly prestigious during the reign of both her husband and son, she exerted her influence as queen consort and queen mother of Egypt over a fifty-year period. More...

Chief Albert John Luthuli
Chief Albert John Luthuli, a teacher and minor Zulu chief found that, as an employee of the South African government, his efforts to raise the living standards of his people were limited. More...

Sunni Ali Ber
It was not until Sunni Ali Ber, a member of the Sunni dynasty, ascended to the throne in 1464, that the rulers of Gao looked beyond the confines of the Niger valley. In 28 years he turned the kingdom of Gao into the Songhai empire. More...

Cowrie Shells
Cowrie shells were the most popular currency within Africa. Pictures of cowrie shells adorned cave walls. The Egyptians considered them to be magical agents and also used them as currency in foreign exchange transactions. Archaeologists have excavated millions of them in the tombs of the Pharaohs. More...

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