On This Day in Black History: December 10
Norbert Rillieux invented a vacuum evaporation system that revolutionized the sugar-refining process.
"Black Week" for the British began during the Second Boer War.
Michael Manley, trade unionist, politician and prime minister of Jamaica (1972–1980; 1989–1992), was born.
Ralph J. Bunche became the first black person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola was founded.
Albert John Luthuli became the first black African to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Albert John Luthuli accepted the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize after being granted special permission to travel to Oslo, Norway, where he defined South Africa as a "museum piece" and apartheid as "a hangover from the dark ages of mankind, a relic of an age which everywhere else is dead or dying."
Zanzibar gained independence from Britain.
Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Pamela McAllister Johnson was named publisher of the Ithaca Journal in New York, becoming the first black female publisher of a general circulation newspaper.
Bishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo signed a regional security, law enforcement, and extradition treaty agreement.
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa was signed into law by President Nelson Mandela.
Ivory coast proceeded with parliamentary elections, against the wishes of both France and the U.S.
Wangari Maathai received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
Today's Featured Page
In 1823, James Beckwourth joined Gen. William H. Ashley's Rocky Mountain Fur Company Expedition, winning fame for legendary skill as a mountain man. More...
Previously Featured Pages
Fannie Lou Hamer
Refusing to yield to the position designated to her by society, Fannie Lou Hamer eventually became the embodiment of the changes incited by the civil rights movement of the 1960s. More...
Caught between dissident factions within his military and Europeans searching for gold, Lobengula thwarted the internal dissent by signing a number of treaties with the Europeans without jeopardizing his sovereignty. More...
Ernest Everett Just
Ernest E. Just was a "scientist's scientist". Dr. Charles Drew, a pioneer in blood plasma research himself, described Dr. Just as "a biologist of unusual skill and the greatest of our original thinkers in the field". More...
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
From an early age, Mary was exposed to the anti-slavery movement, where she developed a good grasp of the issues and honed her debating skills. More...
In 1843, Norbert Rillieux invented a vacuum evaporation system that revolutionized the sugar-refining process. Production costs dropped drastically with an attendant decrease in retail prices, making sugar more affordable. In addition, his process is now widely used in the manufacture of soap, evaporated milk, glue and gelatin. More...
Born in 1786, Moshoeshoe emerged as a militarist and diplomat, forging a nation out of the chaos created by Shaka's military campaigns. Considered one of Africa's greatest statesmen, Moshoeshoe merged the displaced with his own people into a unitary state with defined borders and one language. More...
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