On This Day in Black History: September 1
1736
Intendant Gilles Hocquart issued an ordinance concerning the formal requirements for the emancipation of slaves in Quebec.
1773
Phillis Wheatley, a slave from Boston, published a collection of poetry in London.
1834
Reverend Richard Preston founded the African United Baptist Association by amalgamating the Black Baptist churches in Nova Scotia.
1873
Cetshwayo became king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
1879
Britain signed a peace treaty with Zulu chiefs after the decisive defeat of the Zulu army at the Battle of Ulundi, the subsequent capture of King Cetshwayo, and the division of Zululand among 13 chiefs,
1904
George Poage became the first African-American Olympic medalist at the third Olympic Games in St. Louis, Missouri. He won two bronze medals in the 200-meter and 400-meter hurdles.
1912
Afro-British composer, conductor and professor of music Samuel Coleridge-Taylor died. He is best known for his cantata, Hiawatha's Wedding Feast.
1937
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was accepted by the Pullman Company as the official representative for African-American porters.
1955
Emmett Till's disfigured body was found in Mississippi. His mother insisted on an open casket funeral to let the world see how her son was brutally murdered.
1966
A race riot broke out in Dayton, Ohio.
1969
Muammar al-Gadaffi ousted King Idris of Libya in a coup d'état.
1969
A race riot broke out in Hartford, Connecticut.
1971
The Pittsburgh Pirates fielded the first all-black starting lineup in major league baseball: Al Oliver (first base), Rennie Stennett (second base), Jackie Hernandez (shortstop), Dave Cash (third base), Manny Sanguillen (catcher), Dock Ellis (pitcher), Gene Clines (left field), Roberto Clemente (center field), and Willie Stargell (right field).
1975
General Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. was promoted, becoming the first USAF African-American four-star general and assigned as commander in chief of NORAD ADCOM, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.
1977
Singer and actress Ethel Waters died.
1979
Hazel Johnson-Brown became the first African-American woman general in the U.S. Army.
1981
President David Dacko of the Central African Republic was ousted in a bloodless coup.
1993
Condoleezza Rice became provost, the chief budget and academic officer, at Stanford University
1995
Charles Taylor and other key militia leaders were installed in a new ruling council set up under the agreement signed in Abuja, Nigeria in August.

Today's Featured Page
Saartje (Sara) Baartman
When Saartje (Sara) Baartman left the shores of Africa, little did she know that her body parts would be returned to her home land 187 years later and that she would fuel the racist notions of black inferiority and black female sexuality in Europe. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Mary Seacole
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, a quarter-century before the abolition of slavery to a free black woman and a Scottish army officer, Mary Seacole (née Grant) went on to become famous for her outstanding humanitarian work in the Crimean War. More...

Octavia E. Butler
Born in 1947 in Pasadena, California, Octavia E. Butler is the first published African-American female science fiction writer. She is widely recognized and critically acclaimed, while introducing the African-American and feminist perspective into the genre. More...

Otis Boykin
One of Otis Boykin's early inventions was an improved electrical resistor for computers, radios, televisions and an assortment of other electronic devices. More...

Rita Dove
Born 1952 in Akron, Ohio, Rita Dove served as the Poet Laureate of the United States and Consultant in Poetry at the United States Congress. She was the youngest person and the first African American to be appointed to this prestigious office. More...

Nana Prempeh I
Nana Prempeh reunited the Asante nation, but this period coincided with the Scramble for Africa and the British viewed African unity as an impediment to their colonial expansion. Additionally, they wanted to colonize the Gold Coast before the French in the Ivory Coast did. More...

Marie-Joseph Angélique
Marie-Joseph Angélique was a slave owned by François Poulin of Montreal in the early 1730s. Being in her sexual prime, she was expected to breed with male slaves as well as provide sexual services to her master. Angélique had other plans. More...


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