On This Day in Black History: September 3
Richard Allen, founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, bought his and his brother's freedom.
The Treaty of Paris was signed. France returned Dominica, Grenada, St. Vincent, Grenadines, St. Christopher, Nevis and Montserrat to Britain; Britain ceded St. Lucia and Tobago to France.
Three slaves named Cudjo, Mentor and Present set fire to houses in Paramaribo, Suriname
Frederick Douglass escaped slavery disguised as a sailor.
When Georgia's white legislators passed a bill forbidding blacks from holding elected office, Henry McNeal Turner was incensed and led a delegation of African-American representatives out of the capitol building. In an eloquent speech, he declared, "I am here to demand my rights and to hurl thunderbolts at the man who would dare to cross the threshold of my manhood.... Never in the history of the world has a man been ... charged with the offense of being of a darker hue than his fellow men."
The British annexed Natal in South Africa.
Five soldiers were hanged for their alleged participation in the Houston Riot of 1917.
Julius Nyerere became Chief Minister under the new constitution when his Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) party won seventy of the seventy-one seats in the new legislative assembly.
Representatives from 27 African nations, the Caribbean nations, four South American countries, Australia, and the U.S. met in Atlanta for the first Congress of African People.
In South Africa, a new constitution came into effect, establishing a tricameral parliament divided along racial lines: White, Asian and Coloured (mixed race). All power remained in the hands of the whites, who allowed coloureds and Asians a limited role in the national government and control over their own affairs in certain areas. Blacks remained effectively disenfranchised.
Pierre Buyoya led a military coup against the Second Republic of Burundi, which ousted Jean-Baptiste Bagaza.

Today's Featured Page
Queen Amina of Zaria
Amina was 16 years old when her mother became queen and she was given the traditional title of magajiya. She honed her military skills and became famous for her bravery and military exploits. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Afonso I
Afonso I ruled for thirty-seven years, the longest reign in Kongo history. While his father maintained limited contact with the Portugese and viewed Christianity as a cult headed by them, Afonso I was a devout Christian who gladly welcomed trade with the Portugese. More...

Saartje (Sara) Baartman
When Saartje (Sara) Baartman left the shores of Africa, little did she know that her body parts would be returned to her home land 187 years later and that she would fuel the racist notions of black inferiority and black female sexuality in Europe. More...

Mary Seacole
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, a quarter-century before the abolition of slavery to a free black woman and a Scottish army officer, Mary Seacole (née Grant) went on to become famous for her outstanding humanitarian work in the Crimean War. More...

Octavia E. Butler
Born in 1947 in Pasadena, California, Octavia E. Butler is the first published African-American female science fiction writer. She is widely recognized and critically acclaimed, while introducing the African-American and feminist perspective into the genre. More...

Otis Boykin
One of Otis Boykin's early inventions was an improved electrical resistor for computers, radios, televisions and an assortment of other electronic devices. More...

Rita Dove
Born 1952 in Akron, Ohio, Rita Dove served as the Poet Laureate of the United States and Consultant in Poetry at the United States Congress. She was the youngest person and the first African American to be appointed to this prestigious office. More...

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