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On This Day in Black History: June 26
1913
Poet, playwright and politician Aime Cesaire was born. Cesaire, together with Leopold Senghor and Leon Damas, formulated the concept of negritude, an affirmation of pride in black history and culture.
1924
U.S. troops left the Dominican Republic after eight years of occupation.
1934
W.E.B. Du Bois resigned from the NAACP in a disagreement over policy and racial strategy.
1952
The Defiance Campaign against Unjust Laws was launched by the African National Congress together with the South African Indian Congress.
1955
Anti-apartheid activists held a Congress of the People in Kliptown, Johannesburg, where delegates ratified the Freedom Charter.
1956
Dr. Bernard Harris, Jr., the first African-American to walk in space, was born.
1959
Prince Edward County, Virginia closed its public schools rather than integrate them.
1960
Madagascar gained independence from France and British Somaliland gained independence from the British.
1962
Sit-ins and other forms of passive resistance began in Cairo, Illinois at segregated swimming pools, skating rinks and other facilities, lasting for several months.
1967
Riots rocked the East side of Buffalo, New York for six days, virtually shutting down the city. In one night of violence over 40 people were hurt, with 14 shot.
1990
African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed the U.S. Congress.
1992
In United States v. Fordice, the U.S. Supreme Court's decision required that Mississippi do away with the remnants of a dual, segregated system of education, but did not declare the system unconstitutional. The matter was turned back to state officials—and to the courts—to determine what must be done to fulfill its duty under the Constitution.

Today's Featured Page
Fannie Lou Hamer
Refusing to yield to the position designated to her by society, Fannie Lou Hamer eventually became the embodiment of the changes incited by the civil rights movement of the 1960s. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Dr. Carter G. Woodson
In 1926, Dr. Carter G. Woodson inaugurated Negro History Week. More...

Sissieretta Jones
James Weldon Johnson observed that Sissieretta Jones possessed "the natural voice, the physical figure, the grand air and the engaging personality," characteristic of a great singer." More...

Augusta Savage
Born Augusta Fells in 1892 in Green Cove Springs, Florida, Augusta Savage was one of the luminaries of the Harlem Renaissance. More...

Octavia E. Butler
Born in 1947 in Pasadena, California, Octavia E. Butler is the first published African-American female science fiction writer. She is widely recognized and critically acclaimed, while introducing the African-American and feminist perspective into the genre. More...

Marie-Joseph Angélique
Marie-Joseph Angélique was a slave owned by François Poulin of Montreal in the early 1730s. Being in her sexual prime, she was expected to breed with male slaves as well as provide sexual services to her master. Angélique had other plans. More...

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., born November 29, 1908 in Connecticut and educated in New York, became one of the "new breed" of religious leaders—a fighting radical identifying himself with the "marching blacks". More...


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