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On This Day in Black History: December 2
1859
John Brown was hanged near Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
1863
Philip Reid, a free man, saw the Statue of Freedom hoisted to the top of the dome of the U.S. Capitol. While a slave, Reid had supervised the bronze casting of the statue shortly before the District of Columbia abolished slavery.
1884
Granville Woods patented a major improvement to the telephone transmitter, which was subsequently purchased by Alexander Graham Bell.
1908
General Pierre Nord Alexis, president of Haiti, was ousted from power in a coup led by General Antoine Simon. Alexis went into exile in Jamaica, where he died in 1910.
1923
Roland Hayes presented a self-financed concert at Boston's Symphony Hall and became the first African-American to sing there.
1927
Marcus Garvey delivered a farewell address from the deck of the S. S. Saramacca. Garvey was deported to Jamaica after serving time on a trumped-up charge of mail fraud in the Atlanta, Georgia federal penitentiary.
1950
The United Nations voted 46-10 for Eritrea to be federated with Ethiopia, under the sovereignty of the Ethiopia Crown.
1973
The U.S. District Court in San Francisco, California ordered city authorities to establish quotas for minorities in the police and fire departments.
1977
Security police in South Africa were cleared in the death of Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko, who had died while in detention.
1990
Hissàne Habré, president of Chad, was ousted by rebels of the Libyan-supported Patriotic Salvation Movement, led by Idriss Déby.
1992
President-elect Bill Clinton requested Maya Angelou to compose and read a poem at his inauguration.

Today's Featured Page
African-American Astronauts
Guion S. Bluford became the first African-American to go into space in August 1983 aboard the Challenger. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Rosa Parks
On December 1, 1955, Mrs. Rosa Parks sat down so that we could all stand up for our rights. More...

Amy Jacques Garvey
Amy Jacques Garvey, wife of Marcus Garvey, did not derive her legitimacy from the status of her husband. She was a leading Pan-Africanist and Black Nationalist in her own right. More...

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., born November 29, 1908 in Connecticut and educated in New York, became one of the "new breed" of religious leaders—a fighting radical identifying himself with the "marching blacks". More...

Nehanda
Nehanda's dying words, "My bones will rise again," predicted the Second Chimurenga, which culminated in the independence of present-day Zimbabwe. More...

Granvillle T. Woods
During his lifetime, Granville T. Woods held over thirty-five patents. More than a dozen of these patents were inventions for electric railways but most of them were focused on electrical control and distribution. More...

The Emancipation Act
On August 1, 1834, the Emancipation Act came into force, after fifty years of bitter debate in Britain over the morality and profitability of slavery. It did not abolish servitude, but it was the first significant promise of freedom. More...


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