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On This Day in Black History: December 1
Massachusetts became the first colony to recognize slavery.
The Danish slave ship Fredensborg, named after one of the Danish-Norwegian forts on the Gold Coast (now Ghana), sank in a storm off the coast of Norway. Excavated by divers in 1974, remains of the cargo, artifacts and other material provided pertinent information on the operation of and conditions on a slave ship.
The Continental Congress barred importation of slaves. However, import continued in defiance of law.
The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, declared independence from Spain.
Dom Pedro, who proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal, was crowned as Brazil's first Emperor and ruled as Pedro I.
In his second Annual Message to Congress, President Abraham Lincoln recommended that federal bonds be used to compensate states that abolished slavery by January 1, 1900.
The Colored National Labor Union, the first black labour union, convened in Washington, D.C.
Rosa Parks was arrested by police in Montgomery, Alabama after refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person.
Ubangi–Shari became an autonomous member of the French Community and adopted the name Central African Republic.
Patrice Lumumba was arrested by Colonel Mobutu's troops and flown to Leopoldville in handcuffs.
Martin Luther King, Jr. met with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover at the Justice Department "to clear up the misunderstanding" two months after Hoover called King "the most notorious liar in the country."
The South African government declared that the children of white fathers were white.
The East African Community, an economic cooperative comprising Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, came into existence.
The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) was founded.
Writer and activist James Baldwin died in Paris, France.
Alvin Ailey, dancer, choreographer and founder of the world-famous Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, died.
President Hissen Habré of Chad was deposed by rebel forces under the leadership of General Idris Deby. Habré fled the country, and shortly afterwards Deby declared himself president and pledged to guide the central African nation to multiparty democracy, suppress the secret police and guarantee fundamental rights.

Today's Featured Page
Rosa Parks
On December 1, 1955, Mrs. Rosa Parks sat down so that we could all stand up for our rights. More...

Previously Featured Pages
Amy Jacques Garvey
Amy Jacques Garvey, wife of Marcus Garvey, did not derive her legitimacy from the status of her husband. She was a leading Pan-Africanist and Black Nationalist in her own right. More...

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., born November 29, 1908 in Connecticut and educated in New York, became one of the "new breed" of religious leaders—a fighting radical identifying himself with the "marching blacks". More...

Nehanda's dying words, "My bones will rise again," predicted the Second Chimurenga, which culminated in the independence of present-day Zimbabwe. More...

Granvillle T. Woods
During his lifetime, Granville T. Woods held over thirty-five patents. More than a dozen of these patents were inventions for electric railways but most of them were focused on electrical control and distribution. More...

The Emancipation Act
On August 1, 1834, the Emancipation Act came into force, after fifty years of bitter debate in Britain over the morality and profitability of slavery. It did not abolish servitude, but it was the first significant promise of freedom. More...

Dr. Charles Drew
In 1940, Charles Drew earned his Doctor of Medical Science Degree, and his dissertation was on the concept of "banked blood"—storing blood as plasma to increase storage life. More...

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