On This Day in Black History: August 31
Marcus Garvey was elected "Provisional President of Africa" under the provisions of the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA).
Ruanda-Urundi was made a Belgian protectorate.
Author and civil rights activist Eldridge Cleaver was born.
Innovative educator Marva Collins was born. Collins started Westside Preparatory School in an impoverished neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois to improve the quality of education for the city's African-American children. With the school's motto, "entrance to learn, exit to serve," she turned around the lives of many students labelled by the system as problem children and learnig disabled, making them superior students and productive citizens.
Trinidad and Tobago gained independence from Britain.
Ian Smith's ruling Rhodesian Front won an overwhelming victory in the country's general election with 80% of the white vote.
The United Nations World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance began in Durban, South Africa.
Jazz musician and composer Lionel Hampton, the most famous vibraphone player in the world, died at the age of 94.
The United Nations Security Council passed a resolution that would give the United Nations authority over peacekeepers in Darfur as soon as Sudan's government gave its consent. The Sudanese government has so far refused to do so.
Today's Featured Page
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, a quarter-century before the abolition of slavery to a free black woman and a Scottish army officer, Mary Seacole (née Grant) went on to become famous for her outstanding humanitarian work in the Crimean War. More...
Previously Featured Pages
Octavia E. Butler
Born in 1947 in Pasadena, California, Octavia E. Butler is the first published African-American female science fiction writer. She is widely recognized and critically acclaimed, while introducing the African-American and feminist perspective into the genre. More...
One of Otis Boykin's early inventions was an improved electrical resistor for computers, radios, televisions and an assortment of other electronic devices. More...
Born 1952 in Akron, Ohio, Rita Dove served as the Poet Laureate of the United States and Consultant in Poetry at the United States Congress. She was the youngest person and the first African American to be appointed to this prestigious office. More...
Nana Prempeh I
Nana Prempeh reunited the Asante nation, but this period coincided with the Scramble for Africa and the British viewed African unity as an impediment to their colonial expansion. Additionally, they wanted to colonize the Gold Coast before the French in the Ivory Coast did. More...
Marie-Joseph Angélique was a slave owned by François Poulin of Montreal in the early 1730s. Being in her sexual prime, she was expected to breed with male slaves as well as provide sexual services to her master. Angélique had other plans. More...
Surmounting the obstacles of poverty and racism, Althea Gibson reached the pinnacle of her sport against the odds, becoming the first African American woman to win a major tennis tournament. More...
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