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On This Day in Black History: August 1
1791
Robert Carter III, a wealthy plantation owner, freed all 500 of his slaves.
1834
The Emancipation Act was passed. Slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire.
1838
Slavery ended in the Bahamas.
1867
Blacks voted for the first time in a state election in the South, enabling a Republican sweep in Tennessee.
1895
Benjamin E. Mays, educator, "spiritual mentor" and mentor of Martin Luther King, Jr., was born.
1920
Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) launched its first International Convention of the Negro Peoples of the World in Liberty Hall in Harlem.
1930
Actor, dancer and choreographer Geoffrey Holder was born.
1940
Benjamin E. Mays was named president of Morehouse College.
1943
Race riots occurred in Harlem.
1944
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. was elected as a Democrat to the House of Representatives. He was the first black congressman from New York.
1945
The New York State Commission Against Discrimination was established.
1953
Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) joined the newly created Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
1955
The state of Georgia ordered black school teachers to resign from the NAACP or lose their teaching licenses.
1960
Dahomey (now Benin) gained independence from France.
1964
Arthur Ashe became the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
1966
In Nigeria, Lieutenant-Colonel Yakubu Gowon became head of the Federal Military Government and supreme commander of the armed forces after an army coup.
1976
Trinidad and Tobago became a republic, remaining within the Commonwealth.
1982
Hank Aaron was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, receiving votes on 97.8 percent of the ballots.
1990
A coup attempt by black Muslim rebels in Trinidad and Tobago ended with their surrender and the release of their hostages.
1997
A UN report cited Tutsi informants claiming that they helped to shoot down the airplane carrying Rwandan president Juvanal Habyarimana on April 6, 1994. The report was made public in 2000.
2005
Rioters went on a rampage in Khartoum, Sudan's capital, following news of the death of former southern rebel leader and vice president John Garang. Thirty-six people were killed and the rioters took to the streets again the next day.

Today's Featured Page
The Emancipation Act
On August 1, 1834, the Emancipation Act came into force, after fifty years of bitter debate in Britain over the morality and profitability of slavery. It did not abolish servitude, but it was the first significant promise of freedom. More...


Previously Featured Pages
Dr. Lloyd Quarterman
Dr. Lloyd Quarterman was one of the African American nuclear scientists involved in the production of the atomic bomb. He worked with two of the most illustrious scientific minds of the twentieth century—Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi. More...

Thulamela
Thulamela, an archaeological site in the northernmost reaches of Kruger National Park, South Africa, was opened to the public on National Heritage Day (September 24) 1996. Although a number of sites have been excavated south of the Limpopo River, Thulamela is the first to be thoroughly explored in the post-apartheid era. More...

Khama III
In 1875, Khama III became king of the Bamangwato when he expelled his father and brother, Sekgoma and Kgamane. Known as Khama the Good, he was a Christian convert and proved to be more pious than the missionaries. More...

Dr. Percy Julian
Born in 1899 in Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. Percy Julian's research yielded more than 100 patents. He created derivative drugs to treat glaucoma and arthritis at a reasonable cost. His research on the soybean led to discoveries in the manufacture of drugs, hormones, vitamins, paint and paper. More...

"Queen Mother" Moore
Queen Mother Moore was born Audley Moore in New Iberia, Louisiana, and acquired the appellation Queen Mother on her first trip to Ghana, where she attended the funeral of Kwame Nkrumah in 1972. She was in the forefront of the struggle for 77 years. More...

Kente
Kente is not simply a cloth. Culturally, it visually depicts the historical, political, social and aesthetic tenets of Asante society. More...


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